Basic computer terminology and usage

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  4. Basic computer terminology and usage
    1. CPU: Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer
    2. Disk Drive: A peripheral device that reads and/or writes information on a disk
    3. Hard Drive: A device (usually within the computer case) that reads and writes information, including the operating system, program files, and data files
    4. Modem: A peripheral device used to connect one computer to another over a phone line
    5. Applications: Complete, self-contained programs that perform a specific function (ie. spreadsheets, databases)
    6. Browser: A program used to view World Wide Web pages, such as Netscape Navigator or Internet Explorer
    7. Bug: A part of a program that usually causes the computer to malfunction; often remedied in patches or updates to the program
    8. Download: Transferring data from another computer to your computer
    9. Scroll Bar: Allows the user to control which portion of the document is visible in the window; available either horizontally or vertically or both
    10. Tool Bar: A graphical representation of program activities; a row of icons used to perform tasks in a program
    11. URL: Uniform resource locator; the address of a site on the World Wide Web; a standard way of locating objects on the Internet
    12. Pop up blocker: makes it so that pop up windows cannot be shown
    13. Refresh: reload a page
    14. Cache: component that stores data so future requests for that data can be served faster

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